It is widely accepted that the roots of mathematics can be traced back to ancient Babylon and ancient Egypt. The ancient Greeks however, built up the basic principles of mathematics, which were later translated into Latin and Arabic, and later adopted and further developed by Europeans.
The richness and complexity of mathematics is unchallenged. Almost nothing can exist in the universe without mathematics, and human development is primarily owed to mathematics.
While mathematics was first established on the principles of arithmetic, measuring, and reasoning, mostly due practical purposes such as cutting stone for building monuments, modern mathematics has become so complex that it was necessary for the field to branch into various specializations:
Probability and Statistics